6-Steps Guide On How To Build A Deep Water Culture System

Deep water culture system is one of the simplest methods of hydroponic gardening. Continue reading to learn how to build a deep water culture system at home!

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How to build a deep water culture system is one of the most must-have skills that hydroponics gardeners should master

How to build a deep water culture system is one of the most must-have skills that hydroponics gardeners should master.

Deep water culture system or DWC is among the basic types of hydroponics systems used by people who do gardening for business or pleasure. DWC is very efficient and effective in growing crops in water. Gardeners like this method because it is not only simple but also cost-friendly to create. From the different materials that can be used, you can think of many creative ways to make your own water culture system. Here are the steps on how to build a deep water culture system.

You can grow lettuce faster in DWC than in soil

You can grow lettuce faster in DWC than in soil.

Advantages Of Using Deep Water Culture (DWC)

There are many reasons why gardeners opt for DWC systems. The main reason they like this particular hydroponic method is that the steps on how to build a deep water culture system can be easily followed.

Here are the advantages of having a DWC system in your garden.

  • It is not hard to maintain.
  • Compared to soil, you can see your crops grow faster using DWC.
  • There are only a few moving parts, and everything is easy to assemble.
One of the crucial steps on how to build a deep water culture system is to get the right tools and supplies for the system

One of the crucial steps on how to build a DWC system is to get the right tools and supplies for the system.

Materials And Supplies Needed For Making Your Own DWC

Materials:

  • 5-gallon bucket
  • Net basket that is 6 inches
  • Air pump that has a single outlet
  • Some air stones
  • Check valve
  • Air tubing that is 5 millimeters or 20 inches
  • Light source
  • Clamp reflector which is glow light
  • 45-watt 5500K CFL bulb that has a full spectrum

Supplies:

  • General hydroponics nutrient supply (flora series)
  • Bag with 2 pounds of clay pebbles
  • Rockwool starter cubes
  • Hydroponics kit for checking pH

Steps On How To Build A Deep Water Culture System

Step 1: Assemble Your Bucket.

You need a power drill to prepare your bucket. First, you make a hole that can fit your air tubing on the top of your bucket. The distance between the top of your bucket and the hole is around 1 inch.

Materials Needed:

  • 5-gallon bucket
  • Power drill
  • Drill bit for making a hole

Step 2: Get The Air Stone.

Air tubings are vital if you want to learn how to build a deep water culture system

Air tubings are vital if you want to learn how to build a deep water culture system.

In this step, you need to cut two pieces of your air tubing with a measurement of 18 inches. Connect one of these pieces to the air stone. Place this stone in the 5-gallon bucket you prepared in step 1. The surface of the stone must face upwards. You ought to remember to have enough air tubing in order for the air stone to rest at the bottom of your bucket.

Materials Needed:

  • Your 5-gallon bucket
  • Air stone
  • Scissors
  • Air tubing

Step 3: Connect Your Air Pump.

A check valve can help maintain your air pump

A check valve can help maintain your air pump.

You need to link the end of air tubing that is not attached to the top of the 5-gallon bucket. Then, connect the open end of this tubing to the check valve. After setting the first piece of air tubing up, you can now fasten the second piece of air tubing that you cut in step 2.

Attach the second piece to the other end of the check valve and to your air pump. Check if there are bubbles that appear from the air stone. An additional tip is not to attach the check valve inside your bucket.

Materials Needed:

  • The cut pieces of air tubing
  • Air pump that has a single outlet
  • Check valve
  • Scissors

Step 4: Do The Needed Preparations For Your 5-Gallon Bucket.

Fill your net basket with the hydroponics nutrient solution and connect it to your bucket. The 5-gallon bucket must be filled a half inch above the bottom part of your basket. It is recommended to lessen the level of the solution around a quarter or a half below the bottom part of your basket when you see roots growing a few inches below your basket.

Materials Needed:

  • General hydroponics nutrient supply (flora series)
  • Hydroponics kit for checking pH
  • Net basket that is 6 inches
  • 5-gallon bucket

Step 5: Start Planting Your Seeds And Cuttings.

Clay pebbles can help the roots in providing ample amount of nutrients to your plants. Thus, this is an important step on how to build a deep water culture system

Clay pebbles can help the roots in providing ample amount of nutrients to your plants.

One of the main steps on how to build a deep water culture system is planting the seeds or cuttings. You can place these in a net cup. For the rockwool starter cubes and roots, you cover them with clay pebbles. A seed is placed in a rockwool starter cube before covering with clay pebbles.

Materials Needed:

  • check
    2 pounds of clay pebbles
  • check
    Rockwool starter cubes

Step 6: Do Modifications (Optional).

The procedure on how to build a deep water culture system can be personalized. There are modifications that you can do. Here are some ideas you can apply to your DWC system.

  • To have a solution level gauge, you can include a half inch of rubber grommet, a half inch elbow, and a piece of short blue vinyl that is see-through.
  • A central reservoir can be used to connect these systems by utilizing a half inch rubber grommets, a half inch of barbed fittings, and a half inch of vinyl or tubing made of PVC.
  • You can use a trellis as support if you are going to plant tomatoes and peppers.

Conclusion

DWC is an effective way of gardening in aerated water. Most gardeners think of this as the purest method of hydroponics.

If it is your first time to explore the concept of hydroponics, trying DWC is worth a try. It is less expensive as compared to other hydroponics options. Moreover, the procedure on how to build a deep water culture system is simple, so beginners will not have a hard time setting it up. You just have to make sure that there is enough oxygen in the water, and the water has the right temperature. By doing this, the root of the plants will develop which will result in a phenomenal growth rate of your crops.

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Lucy M. Clark
 

Hi there! I’m Lucy, and I’m a self-confessed garden fanatic. Gardening has always been a passion of mine and will always be my favorite pastime. Now that I am married and have one adorable son, I have the time to write and share my personal experiences with other garden enthusiasts like me.

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