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Garden Ambition
 

A Harvesting Guide


for Every Season


01

Winter


02

Spring


03

Summer


04

Autumn

Winter

THINGS TO CONSIDER
Let the local USDA Hardiness Zone guide your winter gardening: This will prep you on which crops to grow, according to low temperatures, that won't require frost protection..


WHEN TO PLANT
Plant winter crops in late summer to early fall for a winter harvest.

WHEN TO HARVEST
Harvest times are crop-dependent. This includes type and time-to-yield of that crop.

PLANT
HARVEST
*Years to yield: When a plant produces mature fruits or vegetables
asparagus
  • Asparagus
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 18 inches
borad bean
  • Broad Beans
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    40°F
  • Soil Type
    Fertile
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 to 6 inches
Carrots
  • Carrots
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    1 to 4 inches
Citrus
  • Citrus
  • Propagation Method
    Cuttings
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 25 feet
Garlic
  • Garlic
  • Propagation Method
    Cloves
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Rich soil
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 inches
Kale
  • Kale
  • Propagation Method
    Seed or cutting
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    70°F
  • Soil Type
    Rich and well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 inches
Onion
  • Onion
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Fertile
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    3 to 4 inches
pakchoi
  • Pak Choi
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained soil
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    6 to 12 inches
peas
  • Peas
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 24 inches
pomegranates
  • Pomegranates
  • Propagation Method
    Cuttings
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    85°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    15 to 18 inches
perpetual spinach
  • Perpetual Spinach
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    45°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    3 inches
Shallots
  • Shallots
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    45°F
  • Soil Type
    Fertile
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    6 inches

Spring

THINGS TO CONSIDER
Think about raising the beds in your garden. It will expand the growing area and also help your crops grow better.


WHEN TO PLANT
Plant cool-season vegetables before the last frost date and warm-season crops after that date. Sowing times are determined by the type of veggie you’re planting and the weather in your area.

WHEN TO HARVEST
The proper time to harvest your vegetables depends on the crops you sow, but most spring veggies mature between May and September.

PLANT
HARVEST
*Years to yield: When a plant produces mature fruits or vegetables
Apples
  • Apples
  • Propagation Method
    Seed, Cutting
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    15 to 18 feet
Apricots
  • Apricots
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    15 feet
Avocados
  • Avocados
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    65°F
  • Soil Type
    Aerated, loose
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    20 feet
Bananas
  • Bananas
  • Propagation Method
    Rhizome or Bulb
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Rich, well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    8-12 feet
Beans
  • Beans
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Sandy, Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    2 inches
Bell peppers
  • Bell peppers
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    65°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 24 inches
Carrots
  • Carrots
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Loose, well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    1 to 4 inches
Cabbage
  • Cabbage
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    45°F
  • Soil Type
    Loose, well-moisturized
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 24 inches
Corn
  • Corn
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 to 6 inches
Cucumber
  • Cucumber
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    68°F
  • Soil Type
    Fertile
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    18 to 36 inches
Eggplant
  • Eggplant
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    80°F
  • Soil Type
    Sandy
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    18 to 24 inches
Gourds
  • Gourds
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    75°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 to 5 feet
Okra
  • Okra
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    65°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    18 to 24 inches
Pumpkins
  • Pumpkins
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    70°F
  • Soil Type
    Rich, Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    6 to 12 inches
Southern Peas
  • Southern peas
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    69°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    2 inches
Summer squash
  • Summer squash
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy, Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 inches

Summer

THINGS TO CONSIDER
Diversify your crops so that you won’t have as many problems with pests. Also, find vegetation that's considered disease resistant.


WHEN TO PLANT
Summer veggies should be planted in the spring after the last frost. Most warm climate crops cannot survive cold weather and require temperatures between 65 to 90 degrees.

WHEN TO HARVEST
Summer crops produce late fall harvests; the amount of time needed for maturity depends on the type of vegetable that’s planted.

PLANT
HARVEST
*Years to yield: When a plant produces mature fruits or vegetables
Broccoli
  • Broccoli
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    70°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 inches
Cauliflower
  • Cauliflower
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    65°F
  • Soil Type
    Rich, well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    15 to 24 inches
Cherries
  • Cherries
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    29°F
  • Soil Type
    Any
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    35 to 40 feet
Grapes
  • Grapes
  • Propagation Method
    Vine
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    70°F
  • Soil Type
    Sandy, well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    6 to 9 feet
Mango
  • Mango
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    70°F
  • Soil Type
    Sandy, loamy
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    25 to 30 feet
Papaya
  • Papaya
  • Propagation Method
    Seed or cuttings
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    68°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    10 to 20 feet
Pear
  • Pear
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy, Sandy
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    20 feet
Plums
  • Plums
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    33°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy, well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 18 feet
Radish
  • Radish
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    85°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Annual or Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    1-inch
Spinach
  • Spinach
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    35°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    1-inch
Swiss chard
  • Swiss chard
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    40°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy, Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    2 to 6 inches
Tomatoes
  • Tomatoes
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Annual or Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 24 inches
Turnips
  • Turnips
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    40°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Biennials
  • Spacing Between Plants
    1-inch
Watermelon
  • Watermelon
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Sandy
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    2 feet
Zucchini
  • Zucchini
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 inches

Autumn

THINGS TO CONSIDER
How you plan out your fall crops depends on regional climate. Hot weather requires you to start fall crops indoors before moving them outdoors when the temperature drops.


WHEN TO PLANT
Timing is critical for a successful autumn garden. Know your region's first fall frost date and plan accordingly.

WHEN TO HARVEST
The number of days needed to fulfil a harvest depends on the crops you've planted. Some crops produce during the fall months; others, in late winter/early spring.

PLANT
HARVEST
*Years to yield: When a plant produces mature fruits or vegetables
Beets
  • Beets
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy, sandy
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    1-inch
Blackberry
  • Blackberry
  • Propagation Method
    Shrub
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    28°F
  • Soil Type
    Sandy, well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 to 10 feet
Butternut squash
  • Butternut squash
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    6 to 12 inches
Chestnuts
  • Chestnuts
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    40 feet
Figs
  • Figs
  • Propagation Method
    Cuttings
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Any
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    15 to 20 feet
Hazelnuts
  • Hazelnuts
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    70°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist, loamy
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    8 feet
Kohlrabi
  • Kohlrabi
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist
  • Growth Type
    Annual
  • Spacing Between Plants
    1-inch
Leeks
  • Leeks
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    40°F
  • Soil Type
    Rich soil
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    4 to 6 inches
Limes
  • Limes
  • Propagation Method
    Cuttings
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    60°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 25 feet
Pecans
  • Pecans
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    70°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained, loamy
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    50 feet
Rutabagas
  • Rutabagas
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    50°F
  • Soil Type
    Moist, well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Biennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    2 inches
Sweet potatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Propagation Method
    Sprouts
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    40°F
  • Soil Type
    Loamy, Sandy
  • Growth Type
    Perennial
  • Spacing Between Plants
    12 to 18 inches
Walnuts
  • Walnuts
  • Propagation Method
    Seed
  • Soil Temperature For Germination
    27°F
  • Soil Type
    Well-drained
  • Growth Type
    Walnuts
  • Spacing Between Plants
    40 to 50 feet